15 janvier 2008

OMR, definition

"Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) is the process of capturing data by contrasting reflectivity at predetermined positions on a page. By shining a beam of light onto the document the scanner is able to detect a marked area because it reflects less light than an unmarked surface." "It is generally distinguished from "optical character recognition" (OCR) by the fact that a recognition engine is not required. That is, the marks are constructed in such a way that there is little chance of not reading the marks... [Lire la suite]
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07 janvier 2008

ICR, definition

"Intelligent Character Recognition (ICR) is an advanced "optical character recognition" (OCR) system that allows fonts and different styles of hand writing to be learned by a computer during processing to improve accuracy and recognition levels."
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23 octobre 2007

Crowdsourcing, definition

Crowdsourcing is a neologism for the act of taking a task traditionally performed by an employee or contractor, and outsourcing it to an undefined, generally large group of people, in the form of an open call. For example, the public may be invited to develop a new technology, carry out a design task, refine an algorithm or help capture, systematize or analyze large amounts of data. One example is Wikipedia, a free encyclopedia edited by volunteers.
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08 octobre 2007

Webographie, bibliographie en ligne

Association des mots web et bibliographie. "Néologisme de la langue française, déjà très usité, construit sur le modèle du mot bibliographie pour désigner une liste de contenus, de documents ou plus généralement de pages ou ressources du Web relatives à un sujet donné. Dans le même esprit que les références bibliographiques, les références webographiques correspondent à une énumération de site internet. Un documentaliste fait classiquement de la veille sur un sujet choisi à partir du contenu des bibliothèques. En étendant cette... [Lire la suite]
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29 août 2007

Information literacy, definition

Information literacy, "maîtrise de l'information" in french (see french wikipedia), is the set of skills needed to find, retrieve, analyse and use information. Because of the explosion of information, students cannot learn everything they need to know in their field of study in a few years of college. Information literacy equips them with the critical skills necessary to become independent lifelong learners. Information literate people are those who have learned how to learn. They know how to learn because they know how... [Lire la suite]
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